# LMTD AND NTU METHODS PDF

E-NTU Method (Effectiveness – N TU method). Note, in most heat exchanger design problems, we don’t. know the fluid outlet temperatures, ie. Tiour or Tribut. TA. Summary of lmtd and e ntu. The Log Mean Temperature Difference Method ( LMTD) The Logarithmic Mean Temperature Difference(LMTD) is. Q: What is the real difference between the LMTD (logarithmic mean temperature difference) and NTU (number of transfer units) methods for analyzing heat.

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## NTU method

For this configuration, the Maximum Effectiveness for a given HCRR curve is greater than that for a pure single pass parallel flow configuration. To determine the CF, two temperature difference ratios P and R must first be calculated from the four fluid temperatures entering and leaving the heat exchanger.

When designing piping systems to support heat transfer between fluids, both the hydraulic and thermal conditions must be evaluated to ensure the proper equipment is selected and installed.

The method proceeds by calculating the heat capacity rates i. Therefore the effectiveness is given by: In heat exchanger analysis, if the fluid inlet and outlet temperatures are specified or can be determined by simple energy balance, the LMTD method can be used; but when these temperatures are not available The NTU or The Effectiveness method is used.

Retrieved from ” https: Evaluating both the hydraulic and thermal conditions of a system can be a daunting task for any engineer and is often divided into different groups who specialize in a specific field.

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Resulting in less heat transfer and higher mmethods fluid temperatures, which leads to off-quality production, exceeding environmental limits, or creating safety hazards that require mitigation. It is a function of the heat exchanger design and the fluid properties on both sides. These relationships are differentiated from one another depending on the type of the flow counter-current, concurrent, or cross flowthe number of passes in shell and tube exchangers and whether a flow stream is mixed or unmixed.

The HCRR is limited to values between 0 and 1. Powered by Atlassian Confluence 6.

The location of the operating point establishes the Configuration Correction Factor that is used to calculate the Corrected or true Mean Temperature Difference across the heat exchanger. The relationship between these three parameters depends on the type of heat exchanger and the internal flow pattern.

### NTU method – Wikipedia

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Effectiveness is dimensionless quantity between 0 and 1. Piping systems are built to transport fluid to do work, transfer heat, and make a product. Resolved comments Export to PDF.

The heat exchanger will operate at this thermal capacity as long as it has sufficient heat transfer area at these operating conditions, metbods a factor for fouling. The HCR of a fluid is a measure of its ability to release or absorb kethods. Wiley, New York F. Mfthods equation to calculate the heat transfer rate is given by:. Engineered Software Knowledge Base. The HCR is calculated for both fluids as the product of the mass flow rate times the specific heat capacity of the fluid.

A properly sized heat exchanger must have some excess capacity to account for fouling that will occur during operation but significant oversizing results metods higher capital and unnecessary installation costs for thermal capacity. The Effectiveness-NTU method takes a different approach to solving heat exchange analysis by using three dimensionless parameters: The Configuration Correction Lmtc CF accounts for the deviation of the internal flow pattern of the actual heat exchanger from that of a single pass counter current flow pattern.

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In other words, the heat exchanger operates at a point on an R Curve based on the Temperature Effectiveness established by the operating conditions. Methhods Read Edit View history.

Voltage drop, current, and electrical resistance are analogous to pressure drop, fluid flow, and hydraulic resistance, which are analogous to the temperature difference, heat transfer rate, and thermal resistance. Temperature Effectiveness P The Temperature Effectiveness P is the ratio of the tube side temperature change to the maximum temperature difference across the heat exchanger.

The equation to calculate the heat transfer rate is given by: The thermal capacity of the heat exchanger will match the thermal capacity required by the process conditions temperatures and flow rates if it has sufficient heat transfer area to do so.

Similarly, a direct comparison can be made between the thermal capacity of lntd heat exchanger and the flow capacity of a control valve. The method, at this point, is concerned only with the fluid undergoing the maximum temperature change.