In his Incoherence of the Philosophers, al-Ghazālī attacks Avicenna’s theories about the eternity of the universe and insists on the possibility of. The Incoherence of the Philosophers, 2nd Edition (Brigham Young University – Islamic Translation Series) [Abu Hamid Muhammad al-Ghazali, Michael E. Al-Ghazali was a highly influential 11th century philosopher, theologian, and Sunni mystic. His most important work, The Incoherence of the Philosophers, had a.

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A ball is moved, for instance, when in the second moment of two the atoms of the ball happen to be created in a certain distance from the first. In real terms, however, combustion occurs only concomitantly when fire touches cotton and is not connected to this event.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code. A person’s thoughts, for instance, are considered accidents that inhere in the atoms of the person’s brain, while his or her faith is an accident inhering in the atoms of the heart.

The Incoherence of Philosophers – World Digital Library

On their inability to show that the world has a maker and a cause Don’t have an account? On refuting their statement that the souls of the heavens know all the particulars that occur in this world The Incoherence of philosopher Philosophers.

Like in the connection between a father and his son, where the father is not the only efficient cause for the son’s existence, so there may be in every causal connection efficient causes involved other than the most obvious or the most proximate one. A Philosophical Anthology from Maraghah.


This book is the summary of Avicenna’s philosophical doctrine.

Al-Ghazali expresses his support for a scientific methodology based on demonstration and mathematicswhile discussing astronomy. These judgments, however, are ultimately fallacious and cannot be the basis of jurisprudence fiqh. God’s knowledge does not change, for instance, when its object, the world, changes. Views Read Edit View history. Cosmology in the Revival of the Religious Sciences 7.

How to cite this entry. This we deny, saying: The Incoherence of the Philosophers propounds the Asharite theory of occasionalism. For fire is a dead body which has no action, and what is the proof that it is the agent? Tracing back all efficient causes in the universe will lead to a first efficient cause, which is itself uncaused. This is the part of the 17th discussion where he presents occasionalism as a viable explanation of what we have usually come to refer as efficient causality.

Avicenna stresses that no causal series, in any of the four types of causes, can regress indefinitely.

The Incoherence of the Philosophers, 2nd Edition

Goodreads is the world’s largest site for readers with over 50 million reviews. In addition to being a confidante of the Seljuq Sultan and his court in Isfahan, he now became closely connected to the caliphal court in Baghdad.

He went on to become one of the most prominent Sunni religious scholars of all time. The oldest of these manuscripts was produced at the beginning of the 13th century at Maragheh, an important center of scholarship in NW Iran and is available in facsimile Pourjavady2— Movement and development generate when God decides to change the arrangement of the moment before.


The voluminous Phiolsophers is a comprehensive guide to ethical behavior in the everyday life of Muslims. Secondary Literature al-Akiti, M. In lncoherence of these books, however, he commits himself to the position that the cause is connected to its effect.

A small group of positions is considered wrong as well as religiously problematic.

Book ratings by Goodreads. The initial argument of the Incoherence focuses on apodeixis and the demonstrative character of the arguments refuted therein. Sign in via your Institution. This work was translated twice into Latin in andthe later one on the basis of an earlier Hebrew translation of the text Steinschneider1: He claimed that the kind of metaphysics that they were doing wasn’t logical, and only theology could reveal the ultimate truths of the world.

Date Created – While it is conceivable and therefore possible that God would break his habit or intervene in the assigned function of the secondary causes, He informs us in His revelation that He will not do so. Observation can only conclude that the cause and its effect occur concomitantly: The agent of the burning is God, through His creating the black in the cotton and the disconnexion of its parts, and it is God who made the cotton burn and made it ashes either through the intermediation of angels or without intermediation.

Enhanced bibliography for this entry at PhilPaperswith links to its database. This page was last edited on 18 Septemberat

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