The Romanians in the Anonymous Gesta Hungarorum. Truth and Fiction, Centrul de Studii Transilvane (Bibliotheca Rerum Transsilvaniae, XXXIV) Cluj-Napoca. Request PDF on ResearchGate | On Oct 1, , Martyn Rady and others published The Gesta Hungarorum of Anonymus, the Anonymous Notary of King Bela. Magyar: Béla király Névtelen Jegyzője krónikájának első lapja A GESTA HUNGARORUM egyetlen kéziratos példánya, a tiroli Ambras várának.

Author: Taujora Tojale
Country: Laos
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Career
Published (Last): 12 December 2016
Pages: 442
PDF File Size: 12.75 Mb
ePub File Size: 18.20 Mb
ISBN: 315-9-33184-414-4
Downloads: 33883
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Fetaxe

Anonymus (chronicler) – Wikipedia

Two examples are enough to illustrate this: We consider that the Byzantine Empire had no interest in supporting an enemy of Hungary, in the period after He knew from existing writings that Pannonia had been a Roman province and that the Huns had expelled the Romans; on the other hand, he also knew of the Romanians.

Retrieved from ” https: Pannonia Secunda in the ethnogenetic area of the Romanians. Gesta Hungarorum Hungarian invasions of Europe. After this river, they were called Hungarians by the west- erners. The term was purely geographic. anonymmus

This region, located close to the territory where the Romanian place-names are attested, had in ancient times strong relations with Pannonia north of the Drava River.

Central Europe in the High Middle Ages: IV the largest had no palisade and no berm. The Thirteenth and Fourteenth Centuries. Almus was killed in Erdelw land, so he could not reach Pannonia. The real problem is whether some individuals or events hungrorum by GH were invented by the author or by his sources. The name Sirmium was inherited by the region Srem. However, he wrote only about the north-western part of this land, involved anonymue the war against Gelou.

Anonymus (chronicler)

University of Toronto Press. What reasons would the Byzantines have to support an enemy of their ally Stephen, an ally who fought in against Bulgaria together with Basil II? Cumque et alia sex castra post hunc fundassent aliquamdiu in illis partibus permansere znonymus next they settled near the Hung River, where they established a fortress.

There is an obvious difference between the Anonymous Notary and the authors of the later chronicles, who compressed the past. Ohio State University Press. Because this city was destroyed during the Tartar invasion ofthe work cannot be written after this date.


Ibique ter- reis castris septem preparatis pro uxoribus et rebus suis hungaroeum ali- quamdiu permanserunt. The translation of the words Blachii ac pastores Romanorum was discussed by many researchers.

On this road, Cluj was a strategic point. We can add from the same place a very important discovery, which proves that the inhabitants continued to speak Latin in the 6th century. It is obvious that, in the first two phases, this site was only a refuge fortress.

Gesta Hungarorum – Wikipedia

The Pannonians are Bulgarians. Until then, the Hungarian warriors had been much more interested in plun- dering the Central and Western European towns. The Pannonian Romance population was ignored even by the 9th and 10th century Frankish and German annals that recorded data about Pannonia.

II, and this precinct was built during or even after the period when the half- moon shaped pendant was used. He gave credit even to the chronological relationships between the events mentioned in the legend, although it is known that the oral tradition mixes up the his- torical periods, being in a way anti-chronological.

This means that their authors did not use the data available to the Anonymous Notary, except that about the victory of Stephen I over Duke Geula. They discard in this way the global rejection of the credibility of GH and even the opin- ion that Blaci are an anachronism, an opinion shared by historians like L.

No arti- facts testifying a Moravian influence were found until now in these regions, although many 9th century settlements and funeral sites were researched.

As we have already seen in the previous chapter, the expression Sclavi Bulgarii should be understood as a reference to a single peo- ple, Slavs of Bulgarian origin. The power of a medieval state was based on its oldness and on the continuity of its institutions.

The Hungarian domination over Pannonia was justified by the idea that Arpad was considered the inheritor of Attila, who was the true master of that land.

Gelou vero dux ultrasilvanus audi- ens adventum eius, congregavit exercitum suum et cepit velocissimo cursu equitare obviam ei, ut eum per portas Mezesinas prohiberet.


File:Gesta Hungarorum Anonymous.jpg

This means that the historical event that could be associated with this archaeological evidence is the attack of King Stephen I against the Transylvanian duke, happened in or Books can be attributed to “Anonymous” for several reasons: This means that the settlement existed before the destruction of phase II.

Hic episcopi sedes, hic jus ecclesiasticum, hic authoritas gerit- ur cumque semper praesulem suum Transylvani agnoscunt, vocant, ven- erantur, quem Alba tenet. All the other data about Blachi recorded by the Anonymous Notary correspond with those of Simon of Keza: Kniezsa is not perfect. This means that this knowledge does not necessary indicate a date after Bela III.

Notandum [est hic] quod inter Ma- chedoniam, Achayam et Thesalonicam est quidam populus valde mag- nus et spaciosus qui vocantur Blazi [Blasi in other manuscripts], qui et olim fuerunt Romanorum pastores, ac in Ungaria ubi erant pascua Romanorum propter nimiam terre viriditatem et fertilitatem olim mora- bantur.

The codex was preserved in Vienna since the beginning of the 17 th century, but nobody knows how it was obtained. Their inventory is typical for the Old Hungarian graves: De prudentia Tuhuti Predictus vero Tuhutum vir prudentissimus, misit quendam virum astutum patrem Opaforcos Ogmand, ut furtive ambulans previderet sibi qualitatem et fertilitatem terre Ultrasilvane, et quales essent habi- tatores eius.

Are they invented or real? A History of Medieval Hungary, — In conclusion, we consider that the present state of the investi- gation cannot provide a final solution for the identity of the Ano- nymous Notary. Sirmium was occupied induring the Hunnish offensive toward the Lower Danube.

One step was already taken with the book of Ioan- Aurel Pop, which, unlike some productions of the s, is an exam- ple of a well-balanced and well founded approach.

Quod si Gelam Albae pro- ponis, toto caelo ac terra erras. A village called Boul recorded in was located in the Baranya County inthe name is Bool.