Abstract. A detailed study of AISI and stainless steels (SSs) has been conducted to correlate the degree of sensitization (DOS) measured by the. ASTM a Test, Intergranular Corrosion, IGC, ASTM A Practice, Copper – Copper Sulfate – 16% sulfuric acid, ASTM A – Practice E (Strauss Test). ASTM A Practice E test. This practice describes the procedure by which the copper-copper sulfate% sulfuric acid test is conducted to determine .

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ASTM A Intergranular Corrosion Testing and Analysis

Test sample was etched using Oxalic Acid with electrolyte etching. Based on your materials, application, and requirements, the other 4 methods provide specific focuses. The corrosion test has the advantage of being relatively rapid, requiring 24 hours plus sample preparation time. News Project Details Tools. The Huey test works well to analyze chromium depleted regions and intermetallic precipitates, such as sigma phase, and is also used for materials in strongly oxidizing environments ee as nitric acid.

A suitable sample of an austenitic xstm steel is exposed to boiling acidified copper sulfate solution for 15 hours.

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If materials with incorrect heat treatment enter service, they are liable to crack or fail by intergranular corrosion IGC much more rapidly than properly treated materials; ASTM A is a screening test to help find batches that are incorrectly processed. See Appendix X1 for information regarding test selection.

The chart below comes from the ASTM A standard for selection of the appropriate test by alloy type:. Practice E, the Strauss test, is performed to assess attack associated with chromium-rich carbide formation; it does not detect susceptibility to sigma phase formation.

A different ASTM A test method must be used to quantify the level of corrosion or to disqualify a material for use. The Copper Sulfate Test is especially effective for determining susceptibility to intergranular attack for low carbon steels.


Because it can be run quickly for screening, we often run this test first. Discover perspectives, resources, and advice from our world-leading Engaged Experts.

ASTM A Testing: An Overview of Intergranular Corrosion | Element

In SEM analysis, intergranular corrosion is clear by the dark lines where the grain boundaries are eaten away. Link to Active This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard. After exposure in the boiling solution, the specimen is bent. This test method does not determine the critical pitting temperature or test for the suitability for use in a particular environment. G2MT Labs is one of the few labs to offer all five ASTM A corrosion testing practices, as well as the expertise to help you determine which tests to use, what to do if a test fails, and other corrosion consulting as needed.

Our laboratory is well organized, adequately equipped, and have competent staff who are trained to conduct these tests. Please share this page: These tests do not provide a basis for predicting resistance to forms of corrosion other than intergranular, such as general corrosion, pitting, or stress-corrosion cracking. ASTM A is a common intergranular corrosion testing method that can quickly screen batches of material to determine corrosion susceptibility.

However, when a material is exposed to high temperatures for long periods of time, a process called sensitization may occur. These practices include five intergranular corrosion tests, namely: The oxalic acid test is commonly used before the Strauss test to determine if a sample is susceptible; samples that pass method A will generally show low corrosion rates in the Strauss test.

The etch structure types used to classify the specimens are: Intergranular cracking or crazing is evidence of susceptibility. This specification covers the standard practices for detecting susceptibility to intergranular attack in austenitic stainless steels. Methods for preparing the test specimens, rapid screening tests, apparatus setup and testing procedures, and calculations and report contents are described for each testing practice.


ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date. Ditch structure sensitization was observed in test sample after etched under high optical microscope.

Similar to the Streicher test, the Huey test method uses a nitric acid solution and subjects the specimen to five hour boiling intervals. In many cases we can reduce that to as little as 24 hours more than the required testing time if you need fast results. If you are not sure, please contact us for assistance. ASTM A testing is a popular method of choice due to the variety of practices available and the relatively short turnaround for results.

Duplicate samples from both sides of a sheet sample are evaluated to determine if carburization results in intergranular attack. Specimen surface before soaking in boiling Ferric Sulfate-Sulfuric Acid solution.

Intergranular Corrosion Testing: An Overview of ASTM A262

Some specific hazards statements are given in Share on Tumblr Print. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

Classification of the structure after A Practice A analysis will determine if the material is acceptable or if additional testing is required. This method is a hour boiling test for “as received” specimens of stainless steel.

Strauss test specimens are boiled in pracctice Copper Sulfate – Sulfuric Acid mixture for 15 hours. We provide intergranular corrosion evaluation, salt spray testing, stress corrosion, and various other methods to simulate exposure of your products or materials to corrosive environments.