: The Philosophy of Logical Atomism (Library of Living Philosophers ) (): Bertrand Russell, David Pears: Books. Bertrand Russell – – The Monist 29 (2) Logical Atomism in Russell and Wittgenstein. Bertrand Russell’s Philosophy of Logical Atomism. THE PHILOSOPHY OF LOGICAL ATOMISM. III. ATOMIC AND Mr. Russell: I was not going into the question of existence after Bertrand Russell. London.
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It is quite clear that a highly educated person sees, hears, feels, does everything in a very different way from a young child or animal, and that this whole manner of experiencing the world and of thinking about the world is very much more analytic than that of atomosm more primitive experience.
History of Western Philosophy. The immediate effect of the Tractatus was enormous, particularly by the reception it received by the Vienna Circle.
In Russell’s Theory of Acquaintanceawareness of these particulars and universals comes through sense data.
Index of language articles. It also requires the truth that there are no other individuals besides abcetc.
Russell’s Logical Atomism
Most of the russelp counterexamples given against the thesis that atomic facts or propositions are always independent involve simple properties that are thought to be exclusive. Logical and Philosophical Papers, Bertrand Russell – – London: That brings us on to the ohilosophy of statements or propositions or judgments, all those things that do have the duality of truth and falsehood. Russell explained denoting concepts as entities which, whenever they occur in a proposition, the proposition is not about them but about other entities to which they bear a special relation.
The Theory of Acquaintance says that for any given statement taking the form of an atomic proposition, we must be familiar with the assertion it makes.
Russell did on occasion also speak of analyzing a particular proposition philosoph ordinary life. I should propose to refute his a priori arguments. In a sentence containing several words, the bertran words are each symbols, and the sentence composing them is therefore a complex symbol in that sense. Logical Atomism in Russell and Wittgenstein. Russell at times suggested that we are only directly acquainted with sense data, and their properties and relations, and perhaps with our own selves KAKDff.
Logical atomism – Wikipedia
That would be a mistake because true and false are correlatives, and you logiacl only say of a thing that it was true if it was the sort of thing that might be false. Russell, on the other hand, believed that these subjects, particularly ethics, though belonging not to philosophy nor science and of possessing an inferior epistemological foundation, were of certain interest.
If I start with the statement that there are so and so many people in this room, and then set to work to make that statement precise, I shall run a great many risks and it will be extremely likely that any precise statement I make will be something not true at all. Russell, on the other hand, never abandoned logical atomism.
Propositions that assert that an object has a quality, or that multiple objects stand in a certain relation, were given a privileged place in the theory, and explanation was given as to how more complicated truths, including truths about classes, depend on the truth of such simple propositions. Indeed, a negative general fact could simply be described as an existence fact, and a negative existence fact could be described as a general fact.
Bertrand Russell, The Philosophy of Logical Atomism, Lectures – PhilPapers
In his My Philosophical Development logicl, Russell said that his philosophy evolved and changed many times in his life, but he described all these changes as an “evolution” stemming from his original “revolution” into logical atomism in Bertrand Russell and the Unity of the PropositionLondon: That is not accidental, and illustrates how the relation of proposition to fact is a totally different one from the relation of name to the thing named.
Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Another important issue often discussed in connection with logical atomism worth discussing in greater detail is the supposition that atomic propositions are logically independent of each other, or that the truth or falsity of any one atomic proposition does not logically imply or necessitate the truth or falsity of any other atomic proposition.
However, if construed as an argument, this does not seem very convincing. Those two words stand for a great deal that has been discussed in philosophy. The term “logical atomism,” partly because it was first introduced in a French paper that remained untranslated in Russell’s lifetime, became widely associated with Russell’s views in the Begtrand world after Russell gave a series of lectures in January-to-March under the title “The Philosophy of Logical Atomism”.
Types and expressions of rationalism. But it obviously is not. The truth or falsity of an atomic proposition would depend entirely on a corresponding atomic fact.
As a result of such a process, the system of beliefs with which one began takes on a new form in which connections between various concepts it uses are made clear, the logical interrelations atomis various theses of the theory are clarified, and vague or unclear aspects of the original terminology are eliminated.
Those are quite different things.
The final section is dedicated to a discussion of the influence and reception of Russell’s logical atomism within the subsequent philosophical tradition. If there were, you could ascertain the truth about the world by examining propositions without looking round you. If there is no corresponding complex, then the proposition is false. Russell took over from Moore the conception of propositions as mind-independent complexes; a true proposition was then simply identified by Russell with a fact cf.
Thank You for Your Contribution! For Wittgenstein, metaphysics and ethics were nonsensical, though he did not mean to devalue their importance in life by describing them in this way. Academic Tools How to cite this entry.