Pope Boniface VIII issued the papal bull Unam Sanctam, the most famous papal document of the Middle Ages, on November 18th, BONIFACE VIII, THE BULL UNAM SANCTAM ()1. Pope Boniface VIII (r. –) believed that all authority derived from God, and that the pope, as the. Catholic_Encyclopedia ▻ Unam Sanctam . Unam sanctam — Unam sanctam[1 ] es una bula papal promulgada por el papa Bonifacio VIII el 18 de noviembre.

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At the same time, Boniface sent out a more general bull Salvator mundi that strongly reiterated some of the same ground of Clericis laicos.

Unam Sanctam

unnam Learn how your comment data is processed. On the one hand he threatened a papal alliance with England and Germany. In September the pope sent a protest to Philip headed Ineffabilis Amordeclaring that he would rather suffer death than surrender any of the rightful prerogatives of the Church.

It was not just the French monarchy and clergy who disapproved of Boniface and his assertions. Berchtold, Die Bulle U. The main propositions are drawn from the writings of St.

According to the Catholic Encyclopedia in the registers, on the margin of the text of the record, the last sentence is noted as its real definition: Therefore, of the one and only Church there is one body and one head, not two heads like a monster; that is, Christ and the Vicar of Christ, Peter and the successor of Peter, since the Lord speaking to Peter Himself said: In FebruaryBoniface issued Romana mater eccelsia which declared that in a situation where the clergy had consented to make payment and delay could cause grave danger, the process of requesting permission could be dispensed with.

But this authority, even though it may be given to a man, and may be exercised by a man, is not human, but rather divine [power], having been given by the divine mouth [of Christ] to Peter, and to him as well as to his successors, by [Christ] Himself, [that is, to him] whom He had disclosed to be the firm rock, just as the Lord said to Peter himself: It is not true therefore to assert, as some people do in the equality debate, that the roles of men and women are interchangeable.


The former is of the priest; the latter is by the hand of kings and soldiers, but at the will and sufferance of the priest. We believe in her firmly and we sznctam with simplicity that outside of her there is neither salvation nor the remission of sins, as the Spouse in the Canticles [Sgs 6: The genuineness of the Bull is absolutely established by the entry of it in the official registers of the papal Briefs, and its incorporation in the canon law.

Therefore, if the terrestrial power err, it will be judged by the spiritual power; but if a minor spiritual power err, it will be judged by a superior spiritual power; but if the highest power of all err, it can be judged only by God, and not by man, according to the testimony of the Apostle: Notify me of new comments via email. Boniface denied the document and its claims, but he reminded them that previous popes had deposed three French kings.

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: When, therefore, the Greeks and others say they are not subject to the authority of Peter and his successors, they thus acknowledge that they do not belong to Christ’s sheep. Therefore, it is not in accord with the order of the universe that all things should be absolutely equal, but rather the lowest through the intermediate, and the lower through the higher, in order.

Unam sanctam – Wikipedia

Boniface was subjected to harassment and held prisoner for three days during which no one brought him food or drink.

Reading of the “two swords” in the Bull, one of Philip’s ministers is alleged to have remarked, “My master’s sword is steel; the Pope’s is made of words. Boniface’s reputation for always trying to increase the papal power made it difficult to accept such an danctam declaration. Then, according to the order of the universe, all things are not led back to order equally and immediately, but the lowest by the intermediary, and the inferior by the superior.


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Catholic University of America. For with truth as our witness, it belongs to spiritual power to establish the terrestrial power and to pass judgement if it has not been good.

“Et unam sanctam Catholicam et Apostolicam Ecclesiam”

For, according to the Blessed Dionysius, it is a law of the divinity that the lowest things reach the highest place by intermediaries. Pope Boniface reacted by excommunicating the king.

Man cannot give birth, therefore Christ had to be born of a woman. For the Apostles say, “Behold, there are two swords here,” that is, in the Church.

Unam Sanctam – new English translation with notes

Let us remember in the first place that essentially man and woman are not the same. Annales Ecclesiastici in Latin.

Unam Sanctam — lat.: When, however, the earthly power goes astray, it is judged by the spiritual power; a lower spiritual power is judged by a higher, the highest spiritual power is judged by God. And so what is inferior should be led forward by another, to what is highest. Consequently, all who wish to belong to the fold of Christ are placed under the dominion of Peter and his successors.