CAUSES OF NGONI MIGRATION PDF

Home HISTORY THE NGONI MIGRATION (O LEVEL) EFFECTS OF NGONI They caused wide spread loss of lives leading to depopulation in some areas. The Ngoni migration was primarily caused by Shaka’s expansionist wars. He had embarked on an a vigorous policy of expanding his empire at the expense of. Explain the causes of the Ngoni migration. Reasons for the Ngoni migration. The Ngoni migrated due to the tyrannical and dictatorial rule of.

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The Ngoni came in big numbers and were strong. It is now difficult to know who is Ngoni and who is not. Things were made worse by 10 years with much less rain. The Ngoni migration was primarily caused by Shaka’s expansionist wars. This led to food shortages. The Zulu and the Mfecane. None of the other tribes wanted the Ngoni to live near them, so they forced nngoni away.

Assegai, cowhides and shields. Famme broke out in many societies since no farming and harvesting could take place because of the Ngoni raids. After this story, assign them the following duties. Map of Africa showing Ngoni migration and settlement.

MGVSS History subject: History Ngoni Migration

Diseases like small pox, malaria and sleeping sickness are also assumed to have been the reason behind the Ngoni migration. These included Mirambo, Nyungu ya Mawe and Mkwawa, who used the Ngoni military tactics to build their states.

They could not move east because Portuguese farmers were there and there were also slave traders. This resulted into poverty as the war could not allow trade to flourish. This led to people losing their identity. The people could not move south, because the Dutch settlers had lived there since the 17th century.

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Disunity among the East African people living in isolated societies, made it easy for the Ngoni to defeat them.

This is how the history of the tribe is passed on from one generation to the next. Chief Munyugumba managed to create a strong centralized empire in Tanzania between – They divided their army into fighting migrxtion called impis. Ngoni disturbances disrupted normal cultivation leading to famine.

The settled Fipa communities were for example destroyed and devastated.

This is perhaps what forced them to move northwards into East Africa. It could also have been due to overstocking of their animals as they were having spirit of cattle rustling, i.

These were to be under the control and leadership of organized, strong and efficient rulers such as the Sangu chief, the Hehe, e. They migrated because of the spirit for Adventure. It was due to fear of being absorbed into the empire of tyrant Shaka. What were the effects of the Ngoni settlement on the people of East Africa. He had embarked on an a vigorous policy of expanding his empire at the expense of his neighbors.

The Tuta Ngoni on their movement northwards, disrupted the trade particularly between Tabora mmigration Ujiji. They could have moved because of famine and drought that led to lack of food and water.

Reasons for the Ngoni migration.

They used the cow horn method of surrounding an enemy and attacking from all sides giving the enemy little chance to escape. Whereby the two groups remained in East Africa such as Tuta and Gwangara Ngoni, three groups moved out of East Africa that is to say, one group moved to Malawi and the two moved back to Zambia.

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They then crossed River Zambezi and River Limpopo and moved northwards in search of new areas. The two groups fought and ngonii Maseko Ngoni were defeated and pushed out of Songea in s. Most other tribes used throwing spears.

lf Their movement led to wider spread of devastation, depopulation and displacement of people. They destroyed the economy of the people of southern Tanzania when they grabbed their cattle. They also carefully planned each battle. The Hehe under Mkwawa were able to resist the Germans. The period of drought meant that crops failed.

Severe famine might also have hit their area forcing them to look for areas that could give them food. The growth of external contacts and pressures. They also had a strong standing army that was always ready to crush the enemy.

EFFECTS OF NGONI INVASIONS IN E. AFRICA – online student resources

Bythe Gwangwara had reached Songea where they clashed with the Migratlon Ngoni defeating them and forcing them to flee. What were the effects of the Ngoni settlement on the people of East Africa.

They fought in organised age regiments and could attack their enemies using the cow horn formation. The Ngoni migrated due to the tyrannical and dictatorial rule of Shaka, the Zulu ruler who was everything in his kingdom. The main problem was that the Ngoni knew only one way of life and that was fighting.