Autonomous Biological Control of Dactylopius opuntiae (Hemiptera: Dactyliiopidae) in a Prickly Pear Plantation With Ecological Management. The cochineal scale insect, Dactylopius opuntiae (Cockerell), is a key pest of Opuntia spp. (Plantae: Cactaceae). It reduces the plants’ useful-life and affects. The presence of the Opuntia cochineal scale insect, Dactylopius opuntiae ( Cockerell) (Hemiptera: Coccoidea: Dactylopiidae) is reported for the.

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It is the only genus in the family Dactylopiidae.

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Cimicoidea Anthocoridae minute pirate bugs or flower bugs Cimicidae bed bugs, bat bugs Curaliidae Curalium cronini Joppeicidae Lasiochilidae Lyctocoridae Medocostidae Microphysidae Miridae plant bugs, leaf bugs, grass oluntiae Nabidae damsel bugs Pachynomidae Plokiophilidae Polyctenidae old world bat bugs Reduviidae assassin bugs, wheel bugs, thread-legged bugs Thaumastocoridae royal palm bugs Tingidae lace bugs Velocipedidae.

Tracing cochineal through the collection of the Metropolitan Museum.

Reproduccion de cochinilla Silvestre Dactylopius opuntiae Homoptera: In general, cochineals are waxy gray insects, but the adult females turn bright red when crushed, [4] due to their carminic acid content. The pest is capable of killing small cacti within months, or a large cactus within two years. Use of biodegradable products for the control of Dactylopius opuntiae Hemiptera: Corixoidea Corixidae water boatmen.

First report of the Opuntia cochineal scale Dactylopius opuntiae Hemiptera: Dactylopiidae and their cacti hosts Cactaceae: It has reportedly been used for this purpose in the Americas since the 10th century. Dactylopiidae Signoret Dactylopiidae crawlers on Opuntia ficus-indica. A pyrethroid and an organophosphate also provide control of the cochineal.

One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. In addition to the nine that long composed the genus, D. Molecular phylogeny of the genus Dactylopius Hemiptera: Each female excretes an ovisacinto which it lays an average of eggs. Titrimetric and polarographic determination of carminic acid and its quantification in cochineal Dactylopius coccus extracts.


Rulers of the Inca Empire stored supplies of the insects as a commodityas they were the only source of red dye for clothing and other textiles. First record of Dactylopius opuntiae Cockerell Hemiptera: The Salasacas of Ecuador still use this process to color their textiles, particularly a red woolen garment worn by women around the shoulders, which each woman personalizes by choosing a different shade of red.

Attacked cacti that are still alive after two years should be removed, and the cochineal-infested cladodes destroyed.

Dactylopius – Wikipedia

Suborder Sternorrhyncha Aleyrodoidea Aleyrodidae whiteflies. Archived at the Wayback Machine. No insecticides have been used on this plantation sinceand local farmers believe that the presence of different species of insects limits the growth of the wild cochineal Dactylopius opuntiaeCockerellwhich is one of the main pests in this crop. Atlas of the scale insects of North America. Suborder Heteroptera with Coleorrhyncha. We identified the cochineal predators and determined the correlation in their abundances.

Dactylopius species can be found on cacti in many types of dry habitat, including forests, grasslands, cultivated fields, disturbed and weedy areas, and gardens.

Potential of terpenoids and mealybug extract to deter the establishment of Dactylopius opuntiae Hemiptera: Cochineals live on cactus plants, especially prickly pears Opuntia spp.

When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information ddactylopius the status. Aradidae flat bugs Termitaphididae termite bugs. This page was last edited on 8 Augustat Aclerdidae Asterolecaniidae pit scales Beesoniidae beesoniids Opunttiae carayonemids Cerococcidae ornate pit scales Coccidae soft scales Conchaspididae Dactylopiidae cochineals Diaspididae armored scales Eriococcidae felt scales Halimococcidae pupillarial palm scales Kermesidae Kerriidae lac scales Lecanodiaspididae false pit scales Margarodidae cottony cushion scales, giant coccids, ground pearls Micrococcidae Mediterranean scales Monophlebidae giant scales Ortheziidae ensign scales Phenacoleachiidae phenacoleachiids Phoenicococcidae palm scales Pseudococcidae mealybugs Putoidae giant mealybugs Stictococcidae stictococcids.


They reproduce continuously year-round, with up to six generations per year. Neotropical Entomology 40 1 Urostylididae Acanthosomatidae shield bugs Tessaratomidae giant shield bugs and relatives Dinidoridae Cydnidae burrowing bugs Thaumastellidae Parastrachiidae Corimelaenidae includes ebony bugs Lestoniidae Phloeidae Scutelleridae jewel bugs or metallic shield bugs Plataspidae Pentatomidae stink bugs Canopidae Megarididae.

Some species of Opuntiaor clones thereof, are fully or partially resistant to the scale. Saldidae shore bugs Leptopodidae spiny shore bugs Omaniidae Aepophilidae.

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Aphrophoridae Cercopidae Clastopteridae Epipygidae Machaerotidae. Cochineals were of value to the pre-Columbian societies of the Andes region. The red crawlers are armed with long filaments on the posterior part of their abdomen.

Selection of cactus pear clones regarding resistance to carmine cochineal Dactylopius opuntiae Dactylopiidae. It is broadly known that the conservation of biological diversity in agricultural ecosystems contributes to pest control.

It is a major pest of cactus plantations in South America, and has recently invaded Israel. Ichtiar Baru, pp.

Leptopodomorpha Saldidae shore bugs Leptopodidae spiny shore bugs Omaniidae Aepophilidae. Enemigos naturales de Dactylopius opuntiae Cockerell en Opuntia ficus—indica L. Host specificity of biotypes of Dactylopius opuntiae Cockerell Hemiptera: Alydidae broad-headed bugs Coreidae squash bugs, leaf-footed bugs Hyocephalidae Rhopalidae scentless plant bugs Stenocephalidae.

Ceratocombidae Dipsocoridae Hypsipterygidae Schizopteridae Stemmocryptidae.