structure with responsibilities pdf. 3 – Risk assessments Working with the standards and Good practice is one of the three approaches along with if necessary. Source: Assessment – a brief guide to controlling risk in the workplace. Available at: http:// (accessed ).

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The wind conditions were not abnormal for the UK. These tethers and pegs obviously failed to hold the structure in place. In all cases, there was a loss of life that was completely avoidable if the risk assessment had been completed properly and acted upon.

In this example it includes the severity of harm, the exposure to harm for example the amount of time per day an individual is exposed to the riskthe probability that the event will occur for the given exposure and the probability of avoiding harm should the hazardous event occur. Carrying out a detailed Quantitative Risk Assessment without first considering whether any relevant good practice was applicable, or when relevant good practice exists.

Employ ers with five or more employees need to record the signifi cant findings of the risk assessment. How bad could it be?

Find articles by Karen Russ. Of employees to ensure that they do not endanger themselves or anyone else who may be affected by their work. The Health and safety at Work etc. This wwww is a great advantage but it requires judge ment too. The risk assessment team should be multi-disciplinary including, for example, those who work in the yov being assessed, a manager, a health and safety specialist and a person who is not closely associated with the work area. Good practice is about making the commitment to dww that risks are as low as is reasonably practicable and maintaining that commitment, by risk review and mitigation, throughout the life of the activity being undertaken.

Good Practice and Pitfalls in Risk Assessment. All three parties, the Designer, the Contract Company and the Public Park Authority, had legal responsibility for the health and safety of the staff who would operate the structure and the public who would visit the park.

HSL then investigated the risk assessments that nse been undertaken asking many questions. The Nimrod Pybns report. Carrying out a risk assessment to attempt to justify a decision that has already been made. HSE did not undertake the investigation [ 11 ] air accidents being outside its regulatory remit but the lessons from the incident are very relevant to all employers.


This was a multi-agency group to provide advice on public event safety.

What harm could be caused to plant, people employees and the public and the environ ment land, water, air, plants, animals. Dividing the time spent on the risk assessment between several individuals – this approach to risk estimation usually means that risks at interfaces between plant, people or processes are missed.

This paper gives a brief overview of where responsibility for occupational health and safety lies in the UK, and how risk should be managed through risk assessment. The risk assessment steps allow the generation of a list of risks but for many people it can beg the question ‘where should I focus, what are the biggest risks?

HSE – Publications: Free Leaflets – Risk Assessment

This is shown in Fig. The investigation identified that fuel leaked out of a coupling during the in-flight refuelling. Three case studies are now presented to illustrate the consequences of not undertaking a suitable and sufficient risk assessment.

The reason for placing the responsibility with the organisation creating the risk is that it is impossible for HSE to be expert in the operation of every technology and workplace, especially at the rate of technology development.

Had these calculations determined the type strengthnumber and positioning of tethers and pegs? This accident was completely avoidable as a suitable and effective risk assessment would have identified corrosion as a hazard and a suitable maintenance regime, as the risk mitigation, would have prevented the LPG leak.

Risk Assessment in the UK Health and Safety System: Theory and Practice

The short guide to Health and Safety Regulation in the UK [ 3 ] provides a summary of the Health and Safety at Work Act and states ‘The main require ment on employers is to carry out a risk assessment.

Support Center Support Center. Consider for example a small manufacturing process where Team A take raw material and prepare it for htttp fabrication by Team B. The best way for this organisation to risk assess their manufacturing process pubnss first to have each Team A-D assess their own work and then for representatives of each Team A-D to form a new team to complete a ‘whole process’ risk assessment using both the information on the individual risk assessments and considering the interactions between processes.

There was also a wwww of the parties involved to communicate to one another about possible risks.

The legal responsibilities of employers are summarised in Fig. The structure lifted up to a near vertical position, ‘like a sail’, as shown in Fig. Indg13 Nimrod Review Report [ 11 ] stated that the failure was one of ‘leadership, culture and priorities’. Carrying out a risk assessment using inappropriate ‘good practice’ e. In the UK, company directors and managers can be found personally liable of negligence, or indeed manslaughter, if someone is injured or killed and HSE finds that there was no suitable and sufficient risk assessment covering the activities involved.


Two people were killed and 27 injured.

Risk assessment

In a recent legal action, where two fire fighters were killed as a result of the incorrect storage of fireworks, two company directors were jailed for 5 and 7 years respectively [ 5 ]. Hes successfully prosecuted all parties, the Designer, the Contract Company and the Public Park Authority, for failing to sww the health and safety of both workers and the public.

The Contract Company did not undertake a suitable and sufficient risk assessment of the stability of the structure and the likely hazard to members of the public should it become unstable. A suitable and sufficient risk assessment called a Safety Case for large, high hazard plant was not completed following the modifications.

The best results from these tools are achieved when a team of people undertake the risk assessment together. However, the focus of the group’s risk assessment was event management in terms of crowd management, people flow through the structure etc. Open in a separate window. Once the pipes had been installed, no system was put in place to reassess the safety of the pipes as time elapsed.

The focus of the paper is three recent major UK incidents, all involving fatalities, and all of which were wholly avoidable if risks had been properly assessed and managed. The Nimrod aircraft, shown in Fig.

All three of the parties listed above had a responsibility to ensure the structure was safe but not one of them did so. Recognising that different laws for different industries was con fusing and complex, the UK Government set up a com mittee inled by Lord Robens, to recommend a way forward. Dreamspace, July2 Fatalities, 27 Injured Dreamspace was a large inflatable structure inside which members of the public could walk around to experience a dream-like world of light and sound.

The corroded pipe is shown in Fig. Using “reasonably practicable” allows HSE to set goals for organisations, rather than being pre scriptive. Introduction Prior to the UK had spent the preceding years generating a large number of Health and Safety laws focused on individual industries, and even individual regions of the country.