Hydranencephaly after Maternal Butane-gas Intoxication during Pregnancy . Hydranence’phalie apr.?s intoxication maternelle par le gaz butane durant la. Autoerotic Accident by Inhalation of Propane-Butane Gas Mixture Toxicologic investigations revealed an intoxication with propane and butane .. kan ve doku örneklerinde gaz komponentlerinin analizinin yap›labilmesi tan›. Butane is a colourless and flammable gas with a gasoline-like or natural gas This paper discusses the medico-legal approach for this type of intoxication.

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Butane – Drug and Alcohol Information and Support in Ireland –

A severe encephalomalacia was noted. Most reports of butane intoxication are from cases of butane abuse or suicide attempts. The Bulletin of Legal Medicine requires the author as the rights holder to sign and submit the journal’s agreement form ak to acceptance. Exposure groups consisted of laboratory or clerical personnel males and females, years of age.

Monkeys No data were available. However, the dis- tinction between massive hydrocephalus and hydranencephaly can be made safely only by angiography Raybaudwhich demonstrates extreme attenuation of the vessels following the brain-tissue loss. The response of evidential breath alcohol testing instruments with subjects exposed to organic solvents and gases. Mice Groups of mice sex and strain not specified were exposed to butane at concentrations of , , , orppm; 6 mice were tested at the lowest concentration and 10 mice at each of the higher concentrations Stoughton and Lamson Neurotoxicity No data other than that described in Sections 3.


PMC ] [ PubMed: A propos de cinq Lindenberg, R.

Butane – Wikipedia

Concentrations of propane were approximately similar in blood samples taken 15 min before the end of 1- 2- and 8-h exposures to propane at and ppm Stewart et al. Light anesthesia was observed within 1 min of exposure to butane atppm, and loss of posture was observed within 15 min.

Successful resuscitation from recurrent ventricular fibrillation secondary to butane inhalation; pp. The relationship between concentration and duration of exposure as related to lethality was examined by ten Berge et al. Hydroxylation of aliphatic compounds by liver microsomes, I.

Suicide by Inhalation of Suffocative Gas

However physical withdrawal has been reported among some users. Subsequently she was not under regular obstetric supervision until the 39th week, when an intra-uterine ultrasound scan showed an almost complete absence of brain tissue Fig. Gestational-age assessment was compatible with 39 weeks gestation. Lethality study in mice exposed for 2 h. JpnJ Legal Med ; Using the assumptions made in footnote 1, approximately 0. Lethality was studied with five mice in a L bottle.

The results of the key study in mice are comparable with the results from a second study in iintoxication. Vol 10 No 3Case Reports.


Thirteen of these cases were associated with butane Bowen et al. Butane could have caused cardiac sensitization, and a surge of adrenaline would have caused the arrhythmia rather than hypoxic arrest. Butyl hydride [1] Quartane [2]. All deaths occurred during exposure.

Consequently, these values were selected as the reasonable lower and upper bounds of n to use when data are not available to derive an empirical value for n. Sudden cardiac death and substance abuse; pp. Nuckolls exposed groups of three guinea pigs for 5, 30, 60, or min to 50, ppm for 2 h. Very pure forms of butane, especially isobutane, can be used as refrigerants and have largely replaced the ozone-layer-depleting halomethanesfor instance in household refrigerators and freezers.

A foul odorant such as ethanethiol is added before commercially presented. The study was on the warning properties of several alkanes. In Virginia, 39 cases of people who likely died as a direct consequence abusing an inhalant were found between and Nomenclature of Organic Chemistry: